[1] A friction device sometimes called a "shock absorber." Used for controlling and damping spring oscillations. The springs actually absorb road shocks; the dampers convert the energy imparted to the springs into thermal energy (by friction), which is dissipated to the atmosphere or the vehicle's chassis. Dampers are distinguishable by the type of friction involved, mechanical or hydraulic but most modern cars used tubular-shaped hydraulic shock absorbers. Because they affect up and down wheel motions, dampers are an important link in tuning a vehicle's ride and handling.
[2] A movable plate which permits or restricts the flow of liquids or gasses.
Also see

Dictionary of automotive terms. 2015.


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  • Damper — Damper, der auf heißer Kohlenasche gebacken wird. Damper stellt eine Mischung einer Brotherstellung der Aborigines und der Europäer in Australien dar. Dabei wird die jahrtausendealte Tradition des Brotbackens der Aborigines mit der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • damper — ► NOUN 1) a pad silencing a piano string. 2) a device for reducing vibration or oscillation. 3) a movable metal plate in a flue or chimney, used to regulate the draught. ● put a damper on Cf. ↑put a damper on …   English terms dictionary

  • damper — [dam′pər] n. [see DAMP] 1. anything that deadens or depresses 2. a movable plate or valve in the flue of a stove or furnace, for controlling the draft 3. a device to check vibration in the strings of a stringed keyboard instrument 4. a device for …   English World dictionary

  • damper — damp er (d[a^]m p[ e]r), n. That which damps or checks; as: (a) A valve or movable plate in the flue or other part of a stove, furnace, etc., used to check or regulate the draught of air. (b) A contrivance, as in a pianoforte, to deaden… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • damper — ● damper nom masculin (anglais damper, amortisseur) Dispositif placé au bout du vilebrequin d un moteur thermique pour en amortir les vibrations …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • damper — I (depressant) noun backset, bleakness, cheerlessness, chill, cloud, crushed spirits, depressing influence, discouragement, disheartener, downheartedness, feeling of dejection, feeling of depression, gloom, glumness, heaviness, heaviness of… …   Law dictionary

  • damper — of a piano, 1783; of a chimney, 1788; agent noun from DAMP (Cf. damp) (q.v.). Either or both led to various figurative senses …   Etymology dictionary

  • damper — dàmper (dèmper) m DEFINICIJA reg., v. kiper ETIMOLOGIJA engl. dumper: kiper …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Damper — A damper is a device that deadens, restrains, or depresses. Damper may refer to: Dashpot, a type of hydraulic or mechanical damper, Shock absorber (British or technical use: damper), a mechanical device designed to dissipate kinetic energy In… …   Wikipedia

  • damper — [[t]dæ̱mpə(r)[/t]] dampers 1) N COUNT A damper is a small sheet of metal in a fire, boiler, or furnace that can be moved to increase or reduce the amount of air that enters. 2) N COUNT A damper is a device in a piano or similar musical instrument …   English dictionary

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